The Koala Bear is usually recognized by its own fluffy little body and cute innocent looking face. Native to Australia it resides only in particular areas of Australia.
The Koala Bear isn’t really a bear, but believed to be confused as one by the European settlers in the late 1800’s.
The Koala’s from the south are generally much larger than those from the North. The Queensland koalas have a tendency to be smaller with less fur.
The basic diet of the Koala is Eucalyptus leaves that may grow in the tall gum trees of Australia or low lying Eucalyptus plants. There are lots of distinct varieties of Eucalyptus of that just several will the koala feed . The leaves are tough to chew, high in fiber and low in protein. Together with a reduced metabolic rate the koala must conserve energy and does this by waking to 19 hours per day. When awake 3 of those 5 hours have been spent eating.
Koalas communicate with bellowing to each other and although seem to be a docile creature, they can be very vicious.
They have sharp claws and teeth that aid in climbing and chewing the tough diet they need. Rarely do they drink water, although can do this if absolutely necessary.
Breeding period is during the Australian spring/summer from approximately September to March. A koala can have one pup annually up until about 12 years old.
Gestation is 35 days old, where the small pup is born blind and with no fur. It makes it way to the back facing pouch in which it feeds off the two teats for another 6 months. Babies will make their way from the pouch about 8 months and cling onto its mother’s back. The infant is completely weaned at 12 months.
Koalas can hang out with their mom for about 3 years or until another baby is born.
Regrettably the koala is in decline, largely because of urbanization that has caused the destruction of its habitat. Even though the koala is currently known as’vulnerable’ by the Australian authorities, its habitat isn’t protected.